GlobeScan

Summary of The GlobeScan – SustainAbility Survey (GSS) 2019

2019 全球審視(GlobeScan)可持續發展調查摘要

For its 2019 Sustainability Leaders Survey, GlobeScan asked over 800 experts representing businesses, governments, NGOs, and Academia across 78 countries to evaluate the progress of various stakeholders have made on the sustainable development agenda since the 1992 Earth Summit.

全球審視透過訪問,評估從1992年地球高峰會起不同持份者在可持續發展議程上的實踐進度。是次調查訪問超過八百位來自七十八個不同國家的專家,他們分別為企業、政府、非政府組織和學術機構的持份者。

Institutional Leaders

The 2019 survey shows that NGOs, the UN and Research/Academic Organizations are recognized as the institutional leaders for sustainable development, to which they contributed most, according the expert panel. On the other hand, the experts considered National Governments, Institutional Investors, and the Private Sector to be making the poorest contribution.

Compared to last year, expert perceptions of contribution to sustainable development by the private sector and multisectoral partnerships have fallen approximately to 7% and 4% respectively, whilst the contribution of the United Nations and citizen-led movements are viewed increasingly more positively.

構領導者

是次調查反映非政府組織、聯合國和學術或研究機構為各個機構於可持續發展議程上的領導者,並肯定上述機構為此作出的貢獻最大。另一方面,受訪專家指出各國政府、機構投資者和私營機構為可持續發展議程作出的貢獻最小。與去年相比,受訪專家認為私營機構及跨領域合夥人對可持續發展議程的貢獻減少,受訪專家對兩者之評分分別下降約百分之七和百分之四。

非政府組織、聯合國和學術或研究機構展示領導地位

NGO Leaders

World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and Greenpeace continue to be the leading organizations in 2019. Both of their dominance within the sector as the most recognized NGOs advancing global sustainable development was increased by 7%. Specifically, WWF was most selected as the leading NGO among all regions.

Key attributes that define NGO leaders are stakeholder engagement and collaboration. 

非政府組織領導者

於2019 年,世界自然基金會和綠色和平於可持續發展議程上保持其領導地位。兩者皆於一眾非政府組織中扮演主導角色,作為於推動可持續發展議程上最受認可的非政府組織,受訪專家對兩者於主導地位上之評分皆提升了百分之七,世界自然基金會被選為非政府組織領導者更涵蓋所有地區。

評定非政府組織為領導者的關鍵因素為持份者的參與程度和合作。

Corporate Leaders

In the business sector, Unilever, Patagonia, and IKEA are the most recognized global leaders. While Unilever’s eight-year trend of sustainability leadership continues (37%), its ranking is 10 points down compared to 2018. In Asia Pacific, Toyota, Tata and City Developments Limited were most mentioned as leaders in sustainability.

As key reasons behind a recognized corporate leadership, the experts mentioned integration of sustainability values and a strategic approach to make sustainability part of the core business model were the most mentioned, which also reflected the dynamic in Asia Pacific.

企業領導者

於芸芸企業中,聯合利華、巴塔哥尼亞公司、宜家家居為最受認可的全球領導者。聯合利華連續八年被評為企業界於可持續發展議程上之領導者,百分之三十七之受訪專家於本年度仍同意其領導地位,然而其排名比2018 年下降了十點。在亞太區,豐田汽車、塔塔、城市發展有限公司亦被視為可持續發展的領導者。

評選企業領導的關鍵因素為整合可持續發展價值和策略方針,於營運模式的核心中融合可持續發展概念,這一因素於亞太地區尤為重要。

全球企業領導者

The Urgency of Sustainable Development Challenges

Among all sustainable development challenges, climate change is seen as the most urgent matter globally and in all regions. 92% of experts rated climate change to be “very urgent”, followed by biodiversity loss, water scarcity, water pollution, and plastic waste issues. In the social aspect, 73% of the experts considered poverty and economic inequality to be the most urgent issues. Concerns for climate change, biodiversity loss, and waste continue to rise steadily, while the perceived urgency of water scarcity and water pollution has slightly declined since 2017.

可持續發展議程上最迫切的難題

在所有可持續發展的挑戰中,氣候變化似乎是全球最迫切的問題,百分之九十二的受訪專家表示氣候變化問題非常迫切; 而喪失生物多樣性、水資源短缺、水污染、塑料廢棄問題等亦為受訪專家所重視。在社會方面,百分之七十三受訪專家認為,貧困和經濟不平等問題最迫切。而受訪專家對氣候變化、喪失生物多樣性、廢物廢棄問題的擔憂持續增加。從2017 年起,受訪專家對水資源短缺和水污染問題的關注度稍有下降。

Regenerative Economy

According to experts when describing a future regenerative economy in order to transition to sustainable development and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, the word “regenerative” is primarily associated with “circular” and “sustainable”. “Equal” and “inclusive” were also associated.

 再生經濟

於形容未來的再生經濟時,受訪專家將其與「循環」和「可持續發展」聯繫。再生經濟應為循環的,並於環境及社會資源上,創造得比其使用的更多。

About GlobeScan-SustainAbility Survey

The GlobeScan-SustainAbility Survey is a unique, collaborative platform that uses research-driven insights from the most influential global thought leaders to explore the biggest sustainability challenges. For more information, or to download the report, please check out this link.

有關全球審視可持續發展調查

全球審視為一獨特的協作平台,利用全球最具影響力的思想領導者,透過研究啟發新意念,探索可持續發展的最大挑戰。請參閱以下連結以獲取更多資訊或下載報告

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